This post is by Anita Sarkeesian and is cross-posted at the blog Feminist Frequency which is an ongoing web series of video commentaries from a feminist perspective.You can also find Feminist Frequency on Twitter and Facebook.
To read more about Alison Bechdel (of the “Bechdel Test”), check out GAB Editor Roxanne Samer’s interview with Bechdel last month.
** You can watch, comment, share and subscribe to Feminist Frequency on YouTube
The Bechdel Test is a simple way to gauge the active presence of female characters in Hollywood films and just how well rounded and complete those roles are. It was created by Allison Bechdel in her comic strip Dykes to Watch Out For in 1985. It is astonishing the number of popular movies that can’t pass this simple test. It demonstrates how little women’s complex and interesting lives are underrepresented or non existent in the film industry. We have jobs, creative projects, friendships and struggles among many other things that are actually interesting in our lives… so Hollywood, start writing about it!
Check out other great blogs and commentary about the Bechdel Test:
- The Bechdel Test Movie List: here you can find a long, long list of movies and where they rate on the Bechdel Test.
- Why Film Schools Teach Screenwriters Not to Pass the Bechdel Test’s by Jennifer Kesler. This is a must read – exposing the systemic problems of the film industry starting with film school.
- See the original comic strip “The Rule” here.
- You can visit Allison Bechdel’s site here and I highly recommend her graphic novel Fun Home
- Over at the Blog “The Angry Black Woman” she adapted the Bechdel Test to apply to race. Take a look: The Bechdel Test and Race in Popular Fiction
The Bechdel Test or the Mo Movie Measure is a type of litmus test to assess the presence of women in movies. It originated from Allison Bechdel’s comic “Dykes to Watch Out For” in 1985. Here’s how it works, a movie just has to pass these three simple questions: the first, are there two or more women in it who have names, the second, do they talk to each other, and the third, do they talk to each other about something other then a man.
It’s quite extraordinary actually how many movies don’t pass this test cause it’s not even a sign of whether its a feminist movie or whether its a good movie just that there is female presence in it and that they actually are engaging about things other then men.
To prove that this is actually a systemic problem and not just a few movies here and there, I can show you a couple films that don’t pass the test.
The Dark Knight
The Big Lebowski
Pirates of the Caribbean 1, 2 and 3
Austin Powers 1, 2 and 3
Men in Black
The Fifth Element
The Princess Bride
The Wedding Singer
Quantum of Solace 007
Lord of the Rings 1, 2 and 3
Ferris Bueller’s Day Off
The Truman Show
From Dusk till Dawn
When Harry Met Sally
Back to the Future 1, 2 and 3
Interview with the Vampire
Okay you get the point, this is only just a few films out of the many films that don’t pass this test. When I call it a systemic problem what I mean by this is that it’s not just a few people here and there that don’t like women, or don’t want women’s stories told, but that rather the entire industry is built upon and creating films and movies that cater to and are about men.
Next time you go to the movies just ask yourself these few questions. Are there two or more women in it and do they have names? Do they talk to each other? And do they talk to each other about something other then a man?